वाराणसी भारत के उत्तर प्रदेश राज्य का प्रसिद्ध नगर है। इसे 'बनारस' और 'काशी' भी कहते हैं। इसे हिन्दू धर्म में सर्वाधिक पवित्र नगरों में से एक माना जाता है और इसे अविमुक्त क्षेत्र कहा जाता है। इसके अलावा बौद्ध एवं जैन धर्म में भी इसे पवित्र माना जाता है। यह संसार के प्राचीनतम बसे शहरों में से एक और भारत का प्राचीनतम बसा शहर है।
"बनारस इतिहास से भी पुरातन है, परंपराओं से पुराना है, किंवदंतियों (लीजेन्ड्स) से भी प्राचीन है और जब इन सबको एकत्र कर दें, तो उस संग्रह से भी दोगुना प्राचीन है।
मोक्ष नगरी काशी में हर कुंड का अपना इतिहास और महत्व है।
मोक्ष नगरी काशी में हर कुंड का अपना इतिहास और महत्व है। इन्हीं में से एक चेतगंज थाने के पास कुंड पिशाच मोचन भी है। इस कुंड की महत्ता तो वैसे हमेशा रहती है लेकिन पितृपक्ष में इसका महत्व और बढ़ जाता है। भारत में सिर्फ पिशाच मोचन कुंड पर ही त्रिपिंडी श्राद्ध होता है।
मंगलवार से पितृ पक्ष शुरू हो चुका है। मान्यता के अनुसार तो काशी में जिसकी भी मौत होती हो उसे मोक्ष मिल जाता है, लेकिन इस कुंड पर अकाल मौत या अन्य अन्य किसी वजह से भटकती आत्माओं को मोक्ष मिलता है। यही वजह है कि यहां देश भर से लोग आते हैं और तर्पण करते हैं।
Kaal Bhairav Temple, Varanasi
It is known as the most ancient temple of Varanasi located near the VishesharGanj. Kalbhairav temple is located at K-32/22 Bharonath, Vishweshwarganj, Varanasi. God KalBhairav is believed to be the “Kotwal of Sati pind”. Without his permission no one can even touch to the Sati pind.
History of the Kalbhairav Temple: Long ago many great saints went to the Sumeru Mountain in order to know from Lord Brahma that who is eternal and supreme power. Lord Brahma stated that he was the superior person. Lord Vishnu (also known as the Yagyeshwar or Narayan) was not agreed with the quick and impudent decision of the Lord Brahma. Both, Lord Brahma and Lord Vishnu went to the four Vedas for the answer of same question. Rig Veda answered that the Rudra is supreme as He has the power to control all living beings. Yajur Veda answered that Lord Shiva is supreme as He could be worshiped by various Yagnas (Yagam). Sam Veda declared that Triambakam is supreme as He is worshipped by a variety of Yogis and can control the entire world. Atharva Veda answered that Lord Shankar is supreme as He can eliminate all the troubles of human beings. All of the four Vedas declared that Lord Shiva is the ultimate supreme.
Both, Lord Brahma and Lord Vishnu laughed on the decision of Vedas. Soon, Lord Shiva came as a powerful divine shine in their center. Lord Brahma was staring very angrily at that shine with his 5th head. Lord Shiva has instantly created the new being (known as the king of Kaal means Kaal Bhairav). Lord Shiva said that Kaal Bhairav will forever be in Kashi in order to remove sins of the disciples, that’s why Kaal Bhairav is also known as Paap Bhakshak. In the meantime, Kaal Bhairav plucked the burning head with anger of Lord Brahma and devotees started praying Lord Shiva.
Lord Shiva said to Kaal Bhairav to go to various places but Brahma Hatya Dosh was following him. Brahma Hatyia (a female stature) created by Lord Shiva was following Kaal Bhairav at every places. Finally, he reached to Kashi, also known as the Moksha Puri in the world. Brahma Hatya has finally vanished as soon as Kaal Bhairav has entered to the Kashi. The Lord Brahma’s head (held by Kaal Bhairav) fell at the ground known as Kapal Mochan and the place famed as the Kapal Mochan Teerth. From that day onwards, Kaal Bhairav stayed at Kashi forever and protects devotees from their problems.
Sarnath is a place located 10 kilometres north-east of Varanasi near the confluence of the Ganges and the Varuna rivers in Uttar Pradesh, India. The deer park in Sarnath is where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma, and where the Buddhist Sangha came into existence through the enlightenment of Kondanna.
Singhpur, a village approximately one kilometre away from the site, was the birthplace of Shreyansanath, the Eleventh Tirthankara of Jainism. A temple dedicated to him, is an important pilgrimage site.
Also referred to as Isipatana, this city is mentioned by the Buddha as one of the four places of pilgrimage to which his devout followers should visit. It was also the site of the Buddha's Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta, which was his first teaching after attaining enlightenment, in which he taught the four noble truths and the teachings associated with it.
The Chaukhandi Stupa is thought originally to have been built as a terraced temple during the Gupta period between the 4th and 6th centuries to mark the site where Lord Buddha and his first disciples met traveling from Bodh Gaya to Sarnath. Later Govardhan, the son of a Raja Todarmal, modified the stupa to its present shape by building the octagonal tower to commemorate the visit of Humayun, the powerful Mughal ruler.
Shri Vishwanath Temple, BHU, Varanasi
Shri Vishwanath Mandir also known as Vishwanath Mandir, Vishwanath Temple, New Vishwanath Temple and Birla Temple is one of the most famous temples and biggest tourist attractions in the holy city of Varanasi. The temple is situated in Benaras Hindu University and is dedicated to the Lord Shiva. Shri Vishwanath Mandir has the tallest temple tower in the world.